TECHNIQUES of Encaustic Art    Return to HOME PAGE of www.encaustic,com     Visit one of our sponsor sites   
Iron,  Stylus & Hobby Crafts Methods Assemble a mini hotplate using the encaustic painting iron Hotplate Techniques Zone Hot Air Methods Zone Finer Art Approaches for Encaustic work

Four Horizons : Flat with rubbed water foreground ...

<<< Flat Horizon

<<< Low Hills

<<< High Hills

<<< Peaked Mountains

The top horizon type in this collection of four is flat (ish). It represents low lands, plains and so on and can be easily made using the straight edge of the iron..

First load the iron in the normal landscape manner, using and

Next gently smooth the waxed baseplate across the card - a right handed person would work from left to right. In this approach the curved edge is run along the flat line by keeping your hand and eye steady!

NOTE: These demonstration cards already have a finished version of the image in the top area of the card - (taken from the video)

In the next approach the straight edge of the iron is used to define the flat top line of the horizon. So load the iron as shown here...
.. then run it horizontally across the card like this example which is again a right handed approach.
You should end up with a crisp and straight line horizon that is parallel to the top and bottom edges of the painting card.

Making wipe through water for a lake

First prepare a tissue pad by folding up one of the boxed tissues that are used for cleaning and polishing.

Then load the iron and add a horizon line and some wax lower down which will become the foreground and basis for the lake.

Now get ready to do all these actions in one steady stream of movement, without pause.

First, dab some foliage effect into the foreground wax and at the same time warm the card so the wax stays molten.

Now place the card flat down onto the disposable underpaper and pick up your tissue pad.
Holding the card firmly along its top edge press firmly down with the clean tissue pad then in a swift and clean movement swipe the tissue pad across the card lifting it as you go....
... so that it removes a part of the molten wax in a line parallel to the top and bottom edges of the card. Too much pressure will remove too much wax and to many rubs will also spoil the subtly of this excellent effect for water.

If you have to revisit then only do so once or twice.

If the wax cools too fast for you then heat the underpaper with the iron first so that there is some heat in the surface where the card will lay. Then you will have longer to work.

So that is a flat horizon on a small card. For larger ones you might use a rule to ensure that the edge stays straight - a piece of ceiling coving is ideal or a thin wooden batten with a chamfer on the underside to avoid contact with the molten area of wax you will be working into.
        GO TO Go to the index for encaustic art products OVERVIEW
Arts Encaustic Ltd, Glogue, Pembrokeshire SA36 0ED UK
  Tel: +44 (0)1239 831401